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Southend's Children and Families Information PointSHIP Adults
   

Children learn at different rates and show a great variety in the ways in which they learn best. Teachers take this into account when they organise their lessons. This is known as differentiating the curriculum.

However, some children may need extra help because they have learning difficulties or disabilities that make it harder for them to learn than most children of the same age. They may have difficulties with thinking and understanding, expressing themselves or understanding what is being said to them, organising, following rules and routines, making friends or relating to adults or physical and sensory difficulties.

These children are said to have Special Educational Needs (SEN). Children with special educational needs (SEN) may need extra or different help from that given to other children of the same age.

It is important to remember that not all pupils who fall behind or have trouble keeping up and need extra support have SEN. They may be underachieving for a variety of reasons, such as not having English as their first language, and these reasons should be addressed before a child is said to have SEN.