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  • Aphasia

    Aphasia is a condition that affects the brain and leads to problems using language correctly. People with aphasia make mistakes with the words they use, sometimes using the wrong sounds in a word, choosing the wrong word, or putting words together incorrectly. Aphasia also affects speaking…

  • Arteriosclerosis

    Atherosclerosis is a potentially serious condition where arteries become clogged with fatty substances called plaques, or atheroma. These plaques cause the arteries to harden and narrow, restricting the blood flow and oxygen supply to vital organs, and increasing the risk of blood clots that could potentially block…

  • At risk of HIV? Get Tested Now

    If you're worried you could have HIV, get tested now. The sooner you're diagnosed, the quicker you can access treatment, so you can lead a full and healthy life. Find out why and how to get an HIV test. Getting tested for HIV means that, if you…

  • Ataxia

    Ataxia is a term for a group of disorders that affect co-ordination, balance and speech. Any part of the body can be affected, but people with ataxia often have difficulties with: Balance and walking Speaking Swallowing Tasks that require a high degree of control, such as writing and eating…

  • Bilharzia

    Schistosomiasis, also known as bilharzia, is an infection caused by a parasitic worm that lives in fresh water in subtropical and tropical regions. The parasite is most commonly found throughout Africa, but also lives in parts of South America, the Caribbean, the Middle East and Asia. The Travel Health…

  • Bleeding in The Brain

    A subarachnoid haemorrhage is an uncommon type of stroke caused by bleeding on the surface of the brain. It's a very serious condition and can be fatal. Subarachnoid haemorrhages account for around 1 in every 20 strokes in the UK. Symptoms of a subarachnoid haemorrhage There…

  • Bone Densitometry Scan

    A DEXA scan is a special type of X-ray that measures bone mineral density (BMD). DEXA stands for "dual energy X-ray absorptiometry". This type of scan may also be called: A DXA scan A bone density scan A bone densitometry scan DEXA scans are often used to diagnose…

  • Brain Abscess

    A brain abscess is a pus-filled swelling in the brain. It usually occurs when bacteria or fungi enter the brain tissue after an infection or severe head injury. Although the risk of developing a brain abscess is extremely low in England, it is a life-threatening condition and should be diagnosed…

  • Brain Injury

    Severe head injuries require immediate medical attention because there's a risk of serious brain damage. This topic focuses on severe head injury. Read about minor head injuries. Symptoms of a severe head injury can include: Unconsciousness - where a person has collapsed and is unresponsive, even for…

  • Brittle Bones

    Osteoporosis is a condition that weakens bones, making them fragile and more likely to break. It develops slowly over several years and is often only diagnosed when a minor fall or sudden impact causes a bone fracture. The most common injuries in people with osteoporosis are: Wrist fractures Hip…